Veps-English dictionary (Vepsä-Englantilaine vajehnik)

Our main goal is to acquaint you with the language's basic word stock.
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Russian-Veps dictionary is available here.


    This dictionary presents the literary Vepsian language based on the central dialect; a linguistical commission in Petroskoi, Karelia, in 1989 - 1991, elaborated its phonetical and morphological principles. Absence of such a dictionary decreased interest in our language among those students and researchers who do not have a complete command of Russian, Estonian, or Finnish. 
    All Vepsian headwords are entered in alphabetical order. Immutable parts of the words are separated from changeable parts by vertical lines, for instance:ezmä|ine, joks|ta, keito|z.
   Headwords are followed by brackets containing word-formative elements:
  • for nouns, adjectives and pronouns: those forming the Genitive case in the singular (and for two-stem words also in the plural), and the Partitive case in the plural;
  • for verbs: those forming third person' forms of Present and Past Imperfect tenses in the singular.
    - (Dash) substitutes the part of a headword separated by a vertical line, for instance: aj|ada (-ab, -oi) - read: ajada, ajoi; paim|en (-nen, -ent, -nid) - read:paimen, paimnen, paiment, paimnid.
    If the headword (noun) is used only in the plural, then it is followed only by the Partitive case in the plural;
    If the Past Imperfect form coincides with the immutable part of a verb, then the headword is followed only by the third person' form of the Present tense in singular, for instance: tahtoi|da (-b) - read: tahtoida, tahtoib, tahtoi; voi|da (-b) - read: voida, voib, voi;
    Parts of composite words are separated by doubled vertical lines: sarak||lind, mod||polišk.


abekirj (-an, -oid) - school primer
abi|tta (-dib, -di) - to offend
abu (-n, -id) - aid, assistance
abut|ada (-ab, -i) - to help
adiv (-on, -oid) - guest
agj (-an, -oid) - 1. end; 2. province
ahav (-on, -oid) - wind
aht|az (-han, -hid) - poky
ahven (-en, -id) - perch
aid (-an, -oid) - fence
aig (-an, -oid) - time
aigašti adv - early
aigemba adv - earlier
aigoin - maybe
aigoiš adv - early
aj|ada (-ab, -oi) - to go, ride, drive
ak (-an, -oid) - wife
al postposition under; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + al: mägen al under the hill
alahaks - downwards
alahan - beneath
ala|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - mitten
alasto|i (-man, -nt, -mid) - naked
ald (-on, -oid) - wave
alemba|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) adj - lower
alle postposition under (whither); usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + alle: mägen alle down the hill
alpäi postposition from under, from beneath; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + alpäi: sildan alpäi from under the bridge
am|pta (-bub, -bui) - to shoot
amu adv - long ago, a long time ago
amu|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - ancient, old
ani - quite, totally, entirely
aniku - as if
an|tta (-dab, -doi) - to give
armast|ada (-ab, -oi) - to love
arm|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - beloved
asti|i (-jan, -joid) - dish
ast|ta (-ub, -ui) - to go
azj (-an, -oid) - business, affair, matter (of), legal case
azot|ada (-ab, -i) - to stop smb., smth.
ažlak (-on, -oid) - greedy
avadi|m (-men, -nt, -mid) - key
avai|ta (-dab, -ži) - to open
avoin (-uden, -ut, -uzid) adj - open
avoin||su (-n, -id) - day-dreamer, bystander


bab (-an, -oid) - grandmother
babarm (-on) - raspberry
babi|ta (-čeb, -či) - to nurce
babuk (-an, -oid) - mushroom (tubular)
bajut|ada (-ab, -i) - to rock smb.
barb (-an, -oid) - brunch
barbhaižil - on tiptoe
bard (-an, -oid) - beard
boba|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - toy
bol (-an) - cowberry
buč (-in, -id) - barrel
bumbak (-on, -oid) - beetle, bug
burbut|ada (-ab, -i) - 1. to growl, to grumble; 2. to mutter


cipu|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - chiken


čak (-on) - blood
čap|ta (-ab, -oi) - to cut
čičit|ada (-ab, -i) - to twitter, to chirp
čihot|ada (-ab, -i) - to spread (for instance, one's fingers etc.)
čubu (-n, -id) - swing
čibu|da (-b, -i) - 1. to swing oneself; 2. to sway, to rock smb.
čigiča|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - black currant
čog|a (an, -id) - inner corner
čom|a (an, -id) - nice, pretty
čomas adv - nicely
čomašti adv - nicely
čomin adv - nicely
čomit|ada (-ab, -i) - to decorate
čomite|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - decoration, ornament
čopak (-on, -oid) - quick, brisk; adroit, agile, dexterous, slick
čuklos adv - under water; ujuda čuklos to swim under water


da, dai conj - and 
ded (-an, -oid) - grandfather
dä|d' (-dän, -did) - uncle


ec|ta (-ib, -i) - to look for, search for
edaha|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - distant
edahaks adv - far (whither), into the distance
edahan adv - far
edahanpäi adv - from afar
edeleze -  farther, further, henceforth
edemba adv - farther, further
  1. edes adv - at the head (of smth)
  2. edes postposition - before, in front of; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + edes: pertin edes before a house; minun edes in front of me
eglai adv - yesterday
eht (-an, -oid) - evening
eht||longi (-n, -d) - supper
eht|tä (-ib, -i) - to be in time for, to have time to
ei sa - 1. it is not allowed to; 2. it is impossible to
el'ge|ta (-ndab, -nzi) - to understand
elo (-n, -id) - life
elo||ku (-n, -id) - August
eläbzdu|da (-b, -i) - to revive, to come back to life
el|äda (-äb, -i) - to live
elä|i (-jan, -jid) - inhabitant, dweller, resident
em|ä (-än, -id) - female; (in some cases) doe, cow, hen-bird
emäg (-an, -id) - 1. proprietress, landlady; 2. mistress, hostess, housewife
enamba adv - more
ende adv - long ago
endust|ada (-ab, -i) - to foretell, to prophesy, to predict, to forecast
era|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - some
eriži adv - separately
eskai adv - 1. even; 2. afterwards
ezi||paik (-an, -oid) - apron
ezmärg (-en, -id) - monday
ezmäi adv - at first
ezmä|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - first


fater (-an, -oid) noun - flat, apartment, lodgings
flag (-an, -oid) - flag


garb||ol (-lon) - cranberry
gaved (-in, -id) - insect
go|l'l' (-llän, -llid) - poor


hab (-an, -oid) - aspen
habi adv - only just, hardly
habuk (-an, -oid) - hawk
hahk (-an, -oid) - grey
hal|a (-an, -oid) - frosts; sügüz'||hala early frosts
hamb|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - tooth
han|h' (-en, -id) - goose
harag (-an, -id) - magpie
harv (-an, -oid) - rare
harvas adv - rarely
harvašti adv - rarely
hau|g' (-gen, -gid) - pike
hebo (-n, -id) - horse
heik|ta (-ab, -i) - to hail smb., to call to
heim (-on, -oid) - relative
hein (-än, -id) - 1. grass; 2. hay
heit|ta (-ab, -i) - 1. to throw, to throw away; 2. to stop smth., to end, to discontinue, to cease
hen|g' (-gen, -gid) - soul
hen|ktä (-gib, -gi) - to breathe
heraštu|da (-b, -i) - to awake, to wake up
hiht|ta (-ab, -i) - to ski
hilläs adv - 1. softly; 2. noiselessly; 3. slowly
hilläšti adv - 1. softly; 2. noiselessly; 3. slowly
hi|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - coal
hi||l'l' (-llän, -lllid) adj - 1. soft (sound); 2. noiseless; 3. slow
himo (-n, -id) - wish, desire
himoi|ta (-čeb, -či) - to want
hi|r' (-ren, -rt, -rid) - mouse
hir|b' (-ben, -bid) - elk
hir'pulo (-n, -id) - owl
hobed (-an) - silver noun
hobeda|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - silver adj
hodr (-an, -oid) - scabbard, sheath
hoik (-an, -id) - thin
ho|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - 1. care; 2. anxiety, uneasiness; 3. worry
homai|ta (-čeb, -či) - to notice
homen adv - tomorrow
homende|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - morning
hond (-on, -oid) - bad
hotk (-an, -id) - quick
hotkas adv - quickly
hub|a (-an, -id) - bad
hubin adv - badly
hui|ged (-ktan, -ktoid) - shameful
huiktu|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - shame
hul (-an, -id) - hot
hu|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - lip
hur|a (-an, -id) - left
hübj (-än, -id) - eagle-owl
hüp|tä (-ib, -i) - to jump
höun|eh (-hen, -eht, -hid) - feather
hüv|ä (-än, -id) - good
hämär (-an, -oid) - twilight
hän (hänen, Partitive in the singular - händast) - he, she
händ (-an, -id) - tail
händika|z (-han, -st, -hid) - wolf
hätken adv - for a long time
hö (heiden, heid) - they


iče pronoun - myself, yourself, himself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
-ik - interrogative particle; usage: voin-ik can I?
ihastu|da (-b, -i) - to rejoice at (over)
ik|un (-nan, -noid) - window
il'be|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - lynx
ilo (-n, -id) - joy
ird (-an, -oid) - 1. street; 2. outside
išk|ta (-eb, -i) - to hit, strike
išt|ta (-ub, -ui) - to sit
išt|im (-men, -int, -mid) - chair, seat


jatk|ta (-ub, -ui) - to continue
jaug (-an, -oid) - leg
jauh (-on) - flour
jo - already
jo|da (-b, -i) - to drink
joga (pronoun, but indeclinable) - every
jog|i (-en, -id) - river
joks|ta (-eb, -i) - to run
jüged (-an, -oid) - 1. heavy; 2. difficult; 3. hard (work)
jüv|ä (-än, -id) - grain
jä (-n) - ice
jä|da (-b, -i) - to remain
jädu|da (-b, -i) - to freeze, to turn into ice
jäl'ghe postposition - after; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + jäl'ghe: hänen jälg'he after him
jäl'gmäi - at last
jäniš (-an, -id) - hare
järv (-en, -id) - lake
jät|ta (-ab, -i) - to leave


kac|ta (-ub, -ui) - to look at
kadag (-en) - juniper
kadot|ada (-ab, -i) - to loose
kagl (-an, -oid) - neck
kagl||paik (-an, -oid) - scarf
kahes|a (-an, -id) - eight
kahesa||tošt||kümne (kahesan||tošt||kümnen, kahesid||tošt||kümnid) - eighteen
kaid (-an, -oid) - narrow
kai|da (-vab, -voi) - to dig
kaik (-en, -id) - everything
kaikjal adv every ware
kaiku|tte adj (-ččen, -ttušt, -ččid) - every
kai|ta (-čeb, -či) - 1. to keep, to take care of smth., to preserve; 2. to guard
kajag (-en, -id) - seagull
kaks' (kahten, kaksid) - two
kaks'||kümne (kahten||kümnen, kaht||kümned, kaksid||kümnid) - twenty
kaks'||sadad (kahten||sadan, kaht||sadad, kaksid||sadoid) - two hundred
kaks'||tošt||kümne (kahten||tošt||kümnen, kaht||tošt||kümned, kaksid||tošt||kümnid) - twelve
kal|a (-an, -oid) - fish
ka|lliž (-l'hen, -llišt, -l'hid) - 1. precious; 2. valuable; 3. expensive
kalu (-n, -id) - 1. thing; 2. stick
kan|a (-an, -oid) - hen
kand (-an, -oid) - stump
kandiš|ta (-eb, -i) - to carry
kanz (-an, -oid) - family
kan|tta (-dab, -doi) - to carry
karthe postposition like smth, smb; as smth, smb; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + karthe: mäčun karthe like a ball; minun karthe as me
kast|ta (-ab, -oi) - to wet, to soak
kaz|da (-vab, -voi) - to grow
kaži (-n, -b) - cat
kebn (-an, -oid) - 1. light; 2. easy
kego (-n, -id) - stack
kehker (-an, -id) adj - round
keh|da (-ub, -ui) - to boil, to seethe
keht|ta (-ab, -i) - to will
keito|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - soup
keit|ta (-ab, -i) - to cook, to boil
kell (-on, -oid) - bell
ke|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - 1. tongue; 2. language; vepsän kel' Vepsian language
ken - who
ken|g' (-än, -id) - footwear
ker|a (-an, -oid) - 1. tangle; 2. head (of cabbage)
kera|ta (-dab, -zi) - 1. to collect, to gather, to round up, to assemble; 2. to pick up; 3. to get smb ready (for a journey)
kerd (-an, -oid) - time; kaks' kerdad twice (two times)
kesked, keskel - in the middle of; usage: kesked (keskel) + noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Partitive; kesked lavad in the middle of the floor
keskes - between; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Adessive keskes; pertil keskes between the houses
kez|a (-an, -oid) - summer
kevä|z' (-den, -t, -zid) - spring
kibed (-an, -oid) - sore, bad
kibin (-an, -oid) - spark
kirj (-an, -oid) - book
kirjam (-en, -id) - letter, character
kirjamišt (-on, -oid) - alphabet
kirjav (-an, -id) - parti-colored, variegated
kirje|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - letter
kirjišt (-on, -oid) - library
kirjut|ada (-ab, -i) - to write
kirjuti|m (-men, -nt, -mid) - pen
kir|kta (-gub, -gui) - 1. to cry, shout, bawl; 2. to call
kirv|ez (-hen, -est, -hid) - axe
kit|tä (-äb, -i) - 1. to praise; 2. to thank
kiv|i (-en, -id) - stone
kodi (-n, -d) - home
kodi||ma (-n, -id) - motherland
kogo (-n, -id) - heap, pile
koir (-an, -id) - dog
koiv (-un, -uid) - berch
kojeg (-en, -id) - moth
komb (-un, -uid) - knee
komed (-an, -oid) - loud
kond|i (-jan, -jid) - bear
konz - when
kor|ged (-ktan, -ktoid) - high
korv (-an, -id) - ear
kosk|ta (-eb, -i) - to touch
koumanz||päiv (-än, -id) - wednesday
koum|e (-en, -id) - three
koume||tošt||kümne (koumen||tošt||kümnen, koumid||tošt||kümnid) - thirteen
  1. ku noun month
  2. ku conjunction if
kuc|ta (-ub, -ui) - to call smb
kudamb (-an, -id) - which
kudma|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - moon
kudo|da (-b, -i) - weave
kuiva|ta (-dab, -zi) - to dry
kujo (-n, -id) - side-street, lane
kukoi (-n, -d) - cock
kukku|da (-b, -i) - to cuckoo
kuld (-an) - gold
kulda|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - golden
kul|da (-eb, -i) - to hear
kulu (-n, -id) - worn-out, old
kuna - where (Illative)
kurg (-en, -id) - crane
kurk (-un, -uid) - throat, larynx
kus - where (Inessive)
kuspäi - where... from (Elative)
ku|z' (-zen, -zid) - fir-tree
ku|z' (-den, -t, -zid) - six
kuz'||tošt||kümne (kuden||tošt||kümnen, kut||tošt||kümned, kuzid||tošt||kümnid) - sixteen
kut - how
kuti - as, like smth
kuv|a (-an, -id) - picture
kuvaha|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - 1. shadow; 2. reflection
kuver|z' (-dan, -t, -zid) - how much, how many
küks|ta (-eb, -i) - to turn out, to expel, to fire, to drive (cattle)
kül'bet (-in, -id) - sauna, bath-house
kül'|ptäs (-bese, -bihe) - to bathe, to have a bath
kül|ä (-än, -id) - village
kümn|e (-en, -id) - ten
kündl|ed (-id) - tears
kündu|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - doorstep, threshold
kün|stä (-zib, -zi) - to scratch
küzu|da (-b, -i) - to ask
küzund (-an, -oid) - question
käbed (-an, -oid) - 1. pretty; 2. fine (day)
käbu (-n, -id) - cone
käg|i (-en, -id) - cuckoo
kärbha|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) noun - fly
kärbäs||se|n' (-nen, -n't, -nid) - fly-agaric
käred (-an, -oid) - 1. cruel, wicked, vicious, ill-natured; 2. spiteful, malicious; 3. angry
käs'k (-ön, -öid) - order, command
käsk|ta (-eb, -i) - to order, to command
kä|zi (-den, -t, -zid) - arm, hand
kä|ta (-ndab, -ndi) - 1. to turn; 2. to change, turn smb, smth into; 3. to translate
kävu|da (-b, -i) - 1. to walk; 2. to ware smth


labid (-on, -oid) - shovel, spade
lač (-un, -uid) - tub
lahj (-an, -oid) - present
lahjoi|ta (-čeb, -či) - to present
lain|eh (-hen, -eht, -hid) - wave
lain|iž (-hen, -eht, -hid) - wave
lamb|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - lamb
lan|geta (-kteb, -ksi) - to fall
lapak (-on, -oid) - 1. flat, plane; 2. sloping
la|ps' (-psen, -st, -psid) - child
laps'||aig (-an, -oid) - childhood
laske - let (it be)
lask|tas (-ese, -ihe) - to descend
lašk (-an, -oid) - lazy
lauč (-an, -oid) - bench
laud (-an, -oid) - 1. board, planck; 2. table
lauk (-an, -oid) - shop, store
lav|a (-an, -oid) - floor (for instance, in a room)
lebai|tas (-dase, -žihe) - to rest
lebu (-n, -id) - rest
lehm (-än, -id) - cow
lehtik (-on, -oid) - copybook
lehte|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - 1. leaf; 2. newspaper
leib (-än, -id) - bread
lep (-an, -oid) - alder
le|ta (-ndab, -nzi) - 1. to lift; 2. to fly
let|e (-ken, -et, -kid) - sand
leved (-an, -oid) - wide, broad
libed (-an, -oid) - 1. slippery; 2. dear, sweet
libu|da (-b, -i) - to rise
libut|ada (-ab, -i) - to lift, raise, to pick up
lidn (-an, -oid) - sity, town
liha (-n, -d) - meat
liin||ma (-n, -id) - vegetable garden
lik|kuda (-ub, -ui) - to move
likund (-an, -oid) - movement
lind (-un, -uid) - bird
lin|dä (-neb, -ni) - to become (governs Translative)
lip|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - box, chest, trunk
liža|ta (-dab, -zi) - to add
londu|z (-sen, -st) - nature
longi (-n, -d) - dinner
lop (-un, -uid) - end
lop||ta (-ib, -i) - to finish, to end
lu (-n, -id) - bone
luge|da (-b, -i) - 1. to read; 2. to count, compute
lugend (-an, -oid) - reading, reading-matter
lugu (-n, -id) - 1. number, digit; 2. counting
lujas adv very
luk|kol (-lon, -loid) - lock
lum|i (-en) - snow
luzik (-an, -oid) - spoon
lühüd (-an, -oid) - short
lühüdas adv - shortly
lühüdašti adv - shortly
läbi preposition or postposition through; usage: alone; läbi + noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Inessive; noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + läbi:kastuda läbi to get wet through; läbi seinäs through the wall; mecan läbi through the forest; ön läbi all the night
lä|htta (-hteb, -ksi) - to leave, to go away
lämbit|ada (-ab, -i) - 1. to warm, heat; 2. to keep smth going
lämoi (-n, -d) - fire
lä|m' (-män, -mid) - warm
läz preposition near; usage: läz + noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Partitive; läz pertid near the house
läžu|da (-b, -i) - to be ill
löc (-un, -uid) - frog
lö|da (-b, -i) - to strike, to beat
löu|ta (-dab, -zi) - to find


ma (-n, -id) - 1. earth, soil, ground; 2. land, country
madal (-an, -oid) - 1. low; 2. shallow
maga|ta (-dab, -zi) - to sleep
maged (-an, -oid) - sweet adv
maguka|z (-han, -st, -hid) - tasty
maht|ta (-ab, -oi) - to be able to, can, know how
maid (-on, -oid) - milk
manit|ada (-ab, -i) - to deceive
manzika|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - strawberry
marj (-an, -oid) - berry
mec (-an, -oid) - forest
meca|ta (-dab, -zi) - to hunt, to go hunting, shootig
mec||kan|a (-an, -oid) - partridge
mecnik (-an, -oid) - hunter
mectu|z (-sen, -st) - hunting
me|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - 1. mind, intellect; 2. mood, frame of mind
mel|a (-an, -oid) - oar, scull
melet|ada (-ab, -i) - to think
meleto|i (-man, -nt, -mid) - mad
mer|i (-en, -id) - see
me|z' (-hen, -st, -hid) - man
me|zi (-den, -t, -zid) - honey
mi - what
midä - what (Partitive)
mihe - 1. why; 2. into what
mikš - why
minä - I, me
miše conjunction - that
mi|tte (-ččen, -ttušt, -ččid) -what sort of; what
mod (-on, -oid) - face
morkofk (-an, -oid) - carrot (< russian [mar'kofka])
muču|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - small
muga - like this/that, in such a way, thus, so
mugo|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - such
muite - otherwise
muj|ada (-ab, -i) - to feel
mujand (-an, -oid) - feeling
muju (-n, -id) - 1. colour; 2. paint
mujut|ada (-ab, -i) - 1. to colour; 2. to paint
muju||pirdi|m (-men, -nt, -mid) - colour pencil
mun|a (-an, -id) - egg
muraha|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - ant
murašk (-on, -oid) - cloudberry
muraž||mät (-on, -oid) - ant-hill
murg|in (-n'an, -int, -nid) - breakfast
muru (-n, -id) - crumb
must (-an, -oid) - black
mustika|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - bilberry
mušt|ta (-ab, -oi) - to remember, bear/keep in mind
mäg|i (-en, -id) - mountain
män|da (-eb, -i) - to go
mänet|ada (-ab, -i) - to spend
märg (-an, -id) - wet, damp
mö - we
mö|da (-b, -i) - to sell
möhä adv - late
möst - again, once again, once more, anew

nacein - maybe
nagl (-an, -oid) - nail
nagr|da (-ab, -oi) - to laugh
nahk (-an, -oid) - skin, hide, leather, pelt
naku - here
nave|t't'a (-dib, -di) - to like
nece - this
neda|l' (-lin, -l't, -lid) - week
negl (-an, -oid) - needle
neglik (-on, -oid) - hedgehog
neičuka|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - (little) girl
nei|žne (-čen, -dišt, -čid) - girl, lass, lassie
ne|l'l' (-än, -id) - four
nel'l'||tošt||kümne (nellän||tošt||kümnen, nellid||tošt||kümnid) - fourteen
nellänz||päiv (-än, -id) - Thursday
nen|a (-an, -oid) - nose
nenaga|ta (-ndeb, -nzi) - to be obstinate, to dig one's heels in
nene - these
nevo|da (-b, -i) - to advise
nevond (-an, -oid) - advice
nevond||kund (-an, -oid) - council
nim|i (-en, -id) - name
ninga - like this/that, in such a way, thus, so
ningo|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - such
nit (-un, -uid) - 1. meadow, grassland; 2. hayfield
ni|t' (-tin, -tid) - thread
n'ok (-un, -uid) - beack
nor (-an, -oid) - rope
no|r' (-ren, -rt, -rid) - young
nou|sta (-zeb, -zi) - to get up
nukku|da (-b, -i) - to doze, nod, slumber
nügüd' - now
nägišt|ada (-ab, -i) - to see
nägub - apparently, evidently
nägu|da (-b, -i) - to be discernible/visible
näd (-an, -id) - marten
nä|hta (-geb, -gi) - to see
näu|kta (-gub, -gui) - to mew


oc (-an, -id) - forehead
oige|ta (-ndab, -nzi) - to send
oiged (oiktad, oiktoid) adj  - 1. right; 2. straight
oikti adv - right
oj|a (-an, -id) - brook, rill
okha - let + infinitive (for instance: let him do it)
oks (-an, -id) - branch, bough
olda (om, oli) - to be
om - is (he, she, it)
omb|elta (-leb, -li) - to sew
ongit|ada (-ab, -i) - to fish (for)
openda|i (-jan, -jid) - teacher
ope|ta (-ndab, -nzi) - to teach
orav (-an, -id) - squirrel
ost|ta (-ab, -i) - to buy
ozai|ta (-dab, -ži) - 1. to guess, to solve; 2. to get to, reach
ozoite|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - 1. riddle; 2. enigma, mystery
ozut|ada (-ab, -i) - to show
ot|ta (-ab, -i) - to take


pac|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - post, pole
pad|a (-an, -oid) - pot
pagi|šta (-žeb, -ži) - to speak
pah|a (-an, -oid) - 1. bad; 2. cruel, wicked, vicious, ill-natured; 3. spiteful, malicious
paid (-an, -oid) - shirt
paik (-an, -oid) - shawl, kerchief
pajat|ada (-ab, -i) - to sing
pajo (-n, -id) - song
paka|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - frost
paki|ta (-čeb, -či) - to ask for
paks (-un, -uid) - thick
paku|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - yellow
pal|ada (-ab, -oi) - to burn, to be burning, to be on
pan|da (-eb, -i) - to put
paremba - better
pašt|ta (-ab, -oi) - 1. to bake; 2. to shine
peda|i (-jan, -jid) - pine(-tree)
peit|ta (-ab, -i) - to hide smth.
penz|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - bush
pe|n' (-nen, -n't, -nid) - small, little
per|t' (-tin, -tid) - house, building
pert||ede|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - ante-room, antechamber
pe|sta (-zeb, -zi) - to wash smth.
pez|a (-an, -oid) - nest, den, lair
piču|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - (very) small, little
pidab - it is necessary to...
pid|ada (-ab, -i) - 1. to hold; 2. to keep; 3. to wear, to have on
pigai - soon
pihk (-un, uid) - thicket
pih|l' (-län, -lid) - rowan-tree, mountain ash
pil'v (-en, -id) - cloud
pimed (-an, -oid) adj - dark
pimed adv - dark
pirdi|m (-men, -nt, -mid) - pencil
pirg (-an, -oid) - cake, pie, pasty, tart
pir|ta (-dab, -di) - to draw, to paint
pit'k (-än, -id) - long
pohjo|ine (-ižen, -št) noun - the north
pohjo|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) adj - northern
poig (-an, -id) - 1. son; 2. cub, baby-animal, 
poim|da (-ib, -i) - to pick, to gather, to harvest
polhe - postposition about; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive polhe; minun kirjan polhe about my book
pol|kta (-geb, -gi) - to tread (on)
pordh|ad (-id) - stairs
priha|ine boy
pu (-n, -id) - tree
pudr (-an, -oid) - porridge
puht|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - clean
puišt (-on, -oid) - park
puzu (-n, -id) - basket
pü (-n, -id) - hazel-grouse
pühk|ta (-ib, -i) - to clean
pühä||päiv (-än, -id) - Sunday
pä (-n, -id) - 1. head; 2. top
päipašt (-on, -oid) - heat of the sun
päiv (-än, -id) - day
päivita|i (-jan, -jid) - smbd on duty
päiv||kodi (-n, -id) - kindergarten
päivä|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - sun
päl - postposition over (static); usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive päl; kuva ripub leden päl the picture hangs over the fireplace
päle - postposition over (in some direction); usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive päle; lendim lendab mecan päle the airplane flies over the forest
päliči - preposition or postposition over, across; in (some time)(some time) later; usage: päliči noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Inessive, or noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Inessive päliči; päliči sildas across the bridge; päliči  kahtes päiväs in two days; vodes päliči  a year later
päst|ta (-ab, -i) - 1. to let out (in); 2. to release; 3. to discharge; 4. to publish; 5. to issue; 6. to eject (a shell...); 7. to dismiss smb., smth., to disband (dissolve) smth.; 8. to undo (one's hair, smth. knitted...)
päz|da (-ub, -ui) - 1. to go out, to leave, to withdraw; 2. to go through; 3. to come down, to go down
pätnič (-an, -id) - Friday
pöl'gästu|da (-b, -i) - to be/feel frightened, to get a fright
pölu|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - pillow
pölv|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - flax
pölü (-n) - dust
pöud (-on, -oid) - field
pövu (-n, -id) - fir coat


rad (-on, -oid) - work, job
rahto|d (-id) - curds, cottage cheese
rahva|z (-han, -st, -hid) - 1. nation, the people; 2. people
rand (-an, -oid) - 1. shore; 2. edge; 3. land, region
raud (-an) - iron (metal)
raud||te (-n, -id) - railway
raud|ad (-oid) - scissors
ra|ta (-dab, -doi) - to work
rebit|ada (-ab, -i) - to tear, to rend
reboi (-n, -d) - fox
redu (-n) - dirt
reduka|z (-han, -st, -hid) - dirty
reg|i (-en, -id) - sledge, cart
reig (-un, -uid) - hole
rigehti|da (-b) - to hurry, to be in a hurry
rik|ta (-ob, -oi) - to kill
rindal adv. or postposition near, close by, beside, next to smb., smth.; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive rindal; tatam seižub rindal my father stands near; hän ištuihe minun rindal he took a seat next to me
rindati - near (one another );  meiden pertid oma rindati our houses stand near one another
rip|ta (-ub, - ui) - to hang
rugi|ž (-hen, -št, -hid) - rye
runo (-n, -id) - poem
rus|ked (-ttan, -ttoid) - red
ruš|täs (-iše, -ihe) - to undress
ruzu (-n, -id) - rag, duster
räk noun heat
räk adj. hot (weather...)


sabut|ada - to overtake, to catch up with
sa|da (-b, -i) verb - to get, to receive, to obtain
sad|a (-an, -oid) - one hundred
sambutada(-ab, -i) - to put out, to extinguish
san|a (-an, -oid) - word
san|ged (-ktan, -ktoid) - 1. stout, fat; 2. thick, heavy
sanu|da (-b, -i) - to say, to tell
sanund (-an, -oid) - sentence
sanute|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - story
sap|ug (-kan, -koid) - boot, top-boot
sarn (-an, -oid) - fairy-tale
sau|bata (-ptan, -psi) - 1. to close, to shut; 2. to switch off; 3. to close down
se (-n) pronoun - that
segl (-an, -oid) - sieve
seičem|e (-en, -id) - seven
seičeme||kümne (seičemen||kümnen, seičemid||kümnid) - seventy
seičeme||tošt||kümne (seičemen||tošt||kümnen, seičemid||tošt||kümnid) - seventeen
sein (-än, -id) - wall
sei|šta (-žub, -žui) - to stand
sel'g (-än, -id) - 1. back; 2. range, ridge
sel'|ged (-ktan, -ktoid) - 1. transparent, limpid, pellucid; 2. clear, 3. understandable, justifiable; 4. clear,intelligible, comprehensible;
se|n' (-nen, -nid) - mushroom
sid' pronoun here
sid' adv afterwords
sido|da (-b, -i) - 1. to tie, to knot; 2. to link up, to connect, to put in touch; 3. to bind together
sigä pronoun there
sij|a (-an, -oid) - 1. place; 2. (magaduz||sija) bed
sikš - therefore, that is why, consequently
siloi - then
sil'm (-än, -id) - eye
sini|ne (-žen, -žid) - blue
sinnä - there, in that direction
sinä (sinun) - thou (you)
sireti - near to each other
sir|ta (-dab, -di) - to move
sizar (-en, -id) - sister
sob|a (-an, -id) - clothes
sobat (-an, -oid) - Saturday
sor'm (-en, -id) - finger
sorz (-an, -oid) - duck
sou|ta (-dab, -di) - to row, to pull, to scull, to paddle
su (-n, -id) - mouth
sug|a (-an, - id) - comb
sug|da (-ib, -i) - to comb
suk|s' (-en, -id) - ski
sumeg (-en, -id) - mist, fog
sur' (suren, surid) - big, large
suug (-an, -id) - 1. wing; 2. fin, flipper
suv|i (-en) - south
südä|in (-imen, -nt, -imid) - heart
sügü|z' (-zen, -zid) - autumn
süv|ä (-än, -id) - deep, profound
sä (-n, -id) - weather
säs'k (-en, -id) - mosquito
särg (-in, -id) - roach
sö|da (-b, -i) - to eat
söm (-än, -id) - food
söm||laud (-an, -oid) - dinner table
söm||sij|a (-an, -oid) - canteen, cafe


šap|uk (-kan, -koid) - hat
štar|kta (-gub, -gui) - to ski, to go for a sledge ride
šuuk (-un, -uid) - silk


zavo|tta (-dib, -di) - to begin, to start
zerk|ol (-lon, -loid) - mirror, looking glass


žir (-un, -uid) - floor (storey)
živat (-an, - oid) - beast


tab|a (-an, -oid) - nature, disposition, character
taba|ta (-dab, -zi) - to catch
tac|ta (-ib, -i) - 1. to throw; 2. to leave, to abandon, to desert, to quit
taga postposition behind, after smb., smth.; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive taga; prihaine seižub pertin taga a boy is standing behind the house
taga|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - back, rear, hind
tagaz(e) adv - backwards, back
taht - will, wish, desire
taht|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - paste, dough
tahtoi|da (-b) - to want
taiv|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - sky
tal'v (-en, -id) - winter
tan|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - 1. yard; 2. cattle-shed
tarbiž - it is necessary, one must
tart|ta (-ub, -ui) - 1. to stick to, to adhere to; 2. to pester smb., to badger smb.
te (-n, -id) - road, way
tedišt|ada (-ab, -i) - to find out
tehta (tegeb, tegi) - to do, to produce
telust|ada (-ab, -i) - to prevent, to interfere, to hinder
terv|eh (-hen, -eht, -hid) - healthy
tervhen! - good morning/afternoon/evening; how do you do
teta (tedab, tezi) - to know
tija|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - tit, titmouse
tik (-an, -oid) - woodpecker
toda (tob, toi) - to bring
tohu|s (-sen, -st, -sid) - candle
to|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - 1. second; 2. other
tom' (tomen, tomid) - bird-cherry tree
tozi (toden, tot, tozid) - truth
tožnarg (-en, -id) - Tuesday
tullei (-n, -d) - wind
tusk (-an) - distress, boredom
tutab (-an, -id) - well-known
tul|da (-eb, -i) - to come
tütär' (tütren, tütrid) - daughter
tün' (tünen, tünid) - quit, calm
tädi (-n, -d) - aunt
tägä - here
täht|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - star
tämbei - today
tänna - here (this way)
täs - here
täspäi - from here
tätü|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - doll
täu|z' (-den, -t, -zid) - full
tö - you


uju|da (-b, -i) - to swim
uin|ota (-dab, -zi) - to fall to sleep
uit (-on, -oid) - pond
uk (-on, -oid) - old man, elder
uks' (uksen, uksid) - door
uni (unen, unid) - dream
unoht|ada (-ab, -i) - to forget
urb (-an, -id) - bud, shoot
uz' (uden, ut, uzid) - new


vaht|ar' (-ren, -rt, -rid) - maple
vahv (-an, -oid) - 1. strong, hardy; 2. firm; 3. reliable; 4. durable, stable
vai - or
vaiknašti - softly, silently, noiselessly, still
vaiše - only
vaitti - softly, silently, noiselessly, still
vajeh (vaihen, vaihid) - word
valada - to pour
vald (-an, -oid) - 1. will; 2. freedom, liberty; 3. power
vald||kund (-an, -oid) - state, country, nation
vanh (-an, -oid) - old
vanhemb (-an, -oid) - 1. older, elder; 2. senior; 3. adult, one's elder, parent
varai|ta (-dab, -ži) - to be afraid
varast|ada (-ab, -i) - to wait
varjoi|ta (-čeb, -či) - to guard, to protect, to be on watch
variš (-an, -id) - crow
vast (-an, -oid) - besom
vau|ged (-ktan, -ktoid) - white
vaum|iž (-hen, -išt, -hid) - ready, complete
ve|da (-b, -i) - to bring, lead, to take away
ved|ada (-ab, -i) - 1. to bring, to transport, to convey; 2. to pull, to tow, to haul; 3. to draw smb.; 4. to weigh
vedeka|z (-han, -ast, -hid) - damp, moist, humid, watery
veič (-en, -id) - knife
vel'l' (vellen, vellid) - brother
veneh (-en, -t, -id) - boat
venäks - in Russian
vepslä|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - Veps, Vepsian
vepsäks - in Vepsian
vepsän ke|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - Vepsian language
ver|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - 1. other people's, another's; 2. strange, unfamiliar; 3. foreign, alien
ver|da (-eb, -i) - 1. to lie down, to go to bed; 2. to fall, to drop
ver|i (-en, -t, -id) - blood, gore
ve|zi (-den, -t, -zid) - water
vihand (-an, -oid) - green
vihm (-an, -oid) - rain
vihm|da (-ub, -ui) - to rain
vilu (-n, -id) noun cold, coldness
vilu (-n, -id) adj cold
virit|ada (-ab, -i) - to light, to turn on the light
viž (viden, vit) - five
viž||kümne (viden||kümnen, vit||kümned) - fifty
viž||tošt||kümne (viden||tošt||kümnen, vit||tošt||kümned) - fifteen
voi (-n, -d) - butter, oil
voi|da (-b) - to can, to be able
voik|ta (-ab, -i) - to cry, to weep
voz' (voden, vot, vozid) - year
vouv|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - bright, light, light-coloured
väg|i (-en, -id) - strength, force, might
vähä - a little, not enough
väzu|da (-b, -i) - to get tired
vä|ta (-ndab, -ndi) - to play
vö (-n, -id) - belt
völ - yet, still, (some) more


übu|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - snow-drift
ühes|a (-an, -id) - nine
ühesa||kümne (ühesan||kümnen, ühesad||kümned, ühesid||kümnid) - ninety
ühesa||tošt||kümne (ühesan||tošt||kümnen, ühesid||tošt||kümnid) - nineteen
ühtes - together
ühtnägoi - immediately, suddenly, all of a sudden
üks' (ühten, üht) - one
üksnäin (me), üksnäiž (thou), üksnäze (he) - alone
ülemba|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - upper
ülez - up, upwards
ülähän - above, upstairs
ümbri preposition or postposition around, about, above; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Inessive ümbri or ümbri noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Inessive; ümbri küläs around the village; joges ümbri above the river


äi - a lot, many, much
äiak - how much, how many
äkkid - suddenly, all of a sudden
änik (-on, -oid) - flower
än' (änen, än't, änid) - voice
äred (-an, -oid) - cruel, wicked, vicious, ill-natured, cross, angry


ö (-n, -id) - night
ö||läpak (-on, -oid) - bat

The materials were taken from